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Languages and Cultures: Dictionaries & encyclopedias

A guide to finding information in Languages and Cultures. Includes links to key resources and sources of help.

Use encyclopedias:

  • for summaries
  • for lists of further reading
  • when starting a project

Some useful titles are listed below. Find more on the catalogue by searching for the language and "encyclopedias" e.g. "French encyclopedias"

You can also search across multiple dictionaries and encyclopedias using the boxes below.

Oxford Dictionaries

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Fully searchable, comprehensive and easy to use bilingual dictionaries for French, German, Italian and Spanish.

There are also language learning and usage tools and resources, such as downloadable letters, grammar notes, verb tables and cultural information to provide practical help with writing.

Search Oxford Reference

Use Oxford Reference to search across multiple dictionaries and reference titles, including bilingual dictionaries of French, German, Spanish, Italian, and Latin. If you are off-campus, you may need to log-in to view your search results.

Search Oxford Reference Online

Useful Reference works by language