Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Welcome to the Statistics sections of this guide!
Here you can find some useful information and training relating to the statistical treatment of data, which will be essential for your project.
Statistics can be challenging, but they are the essential tool to quantitatively test a working a hypothesis.
Here you can find some material to introduce you to the essential tools you will need to carry out your project such as:
1) Data representation
2) Replication and pseudoreplication
3) Hypothesis testing
4) Elements of evidence based medicine
Elements of statistics for the MPharm
This is the Lecture on the Elements of Statistics which you may find useful for your final year project.
You will need to know this content to:
1) Represent your data population
2) Identify the number of replicates in your experiments
3) Test specific hypotheses
This content will also be preparatory to the workshop outlined below.
Extra material on hypothesis testing
ENGAGE step-by-step guide to statistics
If you are struggling with statistics then take a look at the ENGAGE website. It includes step-by-step instructions on how to analyse your data.
Useful web resources on statistics
Elements of evidence based medicine
This is the Lecture on Evidence Based Medicine, which you may find useful for your final year project.
Workshop on statistics: A simulation of some hypotheses testing scenarios
These are the files you will need to run the workshop (the link of which is in the tab on the right).
To run the workshop, you will need to have Excel and SPSS installed on your PC.
You can download SPSS from APPS ANYWHERE (for free).
Statistics workshop video
This is a recorded video which will allow you to exercise and will guide you step by step on how to use different statistical tests for testing hypotheses.
Some useful books
Statistics: a gentle introduction by
Call Number: 519.5-COO
Publication Date: 2000
Using statistics by
Call Number: 519.5-RUG
Publication Date: 2007
Print and online.
Making sense of statistics : a non-mathematical approach by
Call Number: 519.5-WOO
Publication Date: 2003
Experimental Design and Data Analysis for Biologists by
Call Number: 570.15195-QUI
Publication Date: 2002
Maths & stats : for the life and medical sciences by
Call Number: 570.151-HAR
Publication Date: 2005
Introduction to Statistics for Biology by
Call Number: 570.15195-MAC
Publication Date: 2007
There are a large number of books on 'R' in the Library. They are mostly located on the 2nd Floor at 519.502855369-R. Here are a selection of titles.
The R Book by
Call Number: Online only
Publication Date: 2012
R Cookbook by
Call Number: 519.502855369-R/TEE
Publication Date: 2011
Print and online
R in Action by
Call Number: 519.502855369-R/KAB
Publication Date: 2015
A Survivor's Guide to R: an introduction for the uninitiated and the unnerved by
Call Number: 519.502855369-R/GAU
Publication Date: 2014
Web resources on 'R'
Provides a useful introduction to using 'R' for beginners.
The R Project for Statistical Computing
Official 'R' site which contains manuals and FAQs, and the facility to download the software.
Use this site to search the web for help on using 'R'.