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Modern Languages and European Studies: Citing references

A guide to finding information in modern languages. Includes links to key resources and sources of help.

Whenever you refer to another person's work in your own essay, dissertation or article you must acknowledge them and give full details of your source. You risk being accused of plagiarism if you fail to do so.

For general information on referencing, including an explanation of different citation systems, and guidance on citing specific types of publication, see our Citing references guide.

For help with citing specific types of publication contact your subject librarian, Katie Moore.

For advice on using references in your work, and how to use them to support your arguments, consult the guidance on the Study Advice website or make an appointment with them.

Referencing guides

For specific advice on referencing, refer first to the Department of Modern Languages and European Studies programme handbook. This includes information on both Harvard and Oxford (also known as MHRA) referencing styles. 

For more general advice on each of these referencing styles, you may want to look at the guides below. These are particularly useful if you need to reference something other than a book, article or website.


EndNote logoWhen you do your dissertation you could consider using EndNote to manage your references. This bibliographic management package can be used to store references, and then insert the citation in your Word document, automatically building the bibliography for you in the correct style.

Find out more on our EndNote webpages:

For information on other options for electronic management of your references see our guide to Managing references: